Master Surname Index

Mary (Todd) Lincoln

Ancestry of
Mary (Todd) Lincoln

First Lady of President Abraham Lincoln

Who was Mary (Todd) Lincoln?

Mary (Todd) Lincoln was the wife of President Abraham Lincoln. Before she married Abraham Lincoln, Mary Todd was courted by Stephen Douglas, a political opponent of her husband and famous for the Lincoln-Douglas debates.

Unfortunately tragedy seemed to be a common theme in Mary's life. In addition to witnessing the assassination of her husband at the hands of actor John Wilkes Booth, she also lived to see the deaths of three of her four children.

In later life, Mary would become estranged with her only surviving son Robert Todd Lincoln. He would have her committed to an insane asylum from which she would eventually be released after rousing the public to her side.

Family Facts

Mary (Todd) Lincoln was the daughter of a Lexington, Kentucky banker named Robert Smith Todd. She belonged to a large, wealthy, slaveholding family and grew up in relative comfort. Her sister Elizabeth married the son of Illinois Governor Ninian Edwards. Her sister Julia was married to the editor of the Illinois State Journal and son of U.S. Senator David Baker from Illinois. A sister Emilie was married to Confederate General Benjamin Helm who was the son of Kentucky Governor John Helm. General Helm was killed during the Civil War at Chickamauga.

Mary (Todd) Lincoln had several brothers who served in the Confederate army during the Civil War. Her brother Alexander was killed at Baton Rouge. Her brother Samuel was killed at the Battle of Shiloh and her brother David was wounded at Vicksburg.

Famous Kin

Mary (Todd) Lincoln's known North American ancestry only goes back a few generations before it leads back to Ireland or Scotland. It doesn't leave much room for family connections to other famous Americans. However there is one noted individual and that is Dr. Ephraim McDowell. Dr. McDowell is known as the “Father of Ovariotomy” as he was the first person to successfully remove an ovarian tumor. He is regarded as a pioneer in abdominal surgery. Ephraim's father was a Colonel during the American Revolution. His great-grandfather, also named Ephraim McDowell, was a Scots-Irish patriot during the English Revolution of 1688 which led to the overthrow of King James II.

Some of the most recently added connections of famous kin for Mary (Todd) Lincoln


Dr. Ephraim McDowell

“Father of Ovariotomy” and Founder of Abdominal Surgery

via Samuel McDowell

View entire list of famous kin for Mary (Todd) Lincoln

Please note: The ancestor reports on this website have been compiled from thousands of different sources, many over 100 years old. These sources are attached to each ancestor so that you can personally judge their reliability. As with any good genealogical research, if you discover a link to your own family tree, consider it a starting point for further research. It is always preferable to locate primary records where possible. cannot and does not guarantee the accuracy and reliability of these sources.